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The Canchim breed originated in Brazil around 1922 to improve Brazilian beef cattle breeding. In the last century Zebu cattle (Bos Indicus) were introduced to Brazil which were extensively crossbred with herds of native cattle.

This was originally done to improve the beef breeding in the country, which it did but the Zebu were found inferior to European breeds in terms of precocity and meat yield and it was decided that genetic improvement was required.

This breed was created for excellent beefing qualities, hardiness in hotter climates, fertility and fast growing calves.