Anterior uveitis

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Anterior uveitis is any infectious or inflammatory disease of the iris and ciliary body in the anterior chamber of the eye.

Consequent to this disease, there is increased protein and cellular precipitation in the anterior chamber.

Affected eye is usually painful, with blepharospasm (twitching), photophobia and epiphora.

If left untreated, anterior uveitis may lead to glaucoma, cataract, or retinal detachment.

In small breeds, uveitis can develop secondary to lens luxation.

Causes include:

  • Trauma
  • Iatrogenic
- Septic implantation syndrome
- Septic phacoemulsification
- Ocular lymphoma
- Canine herpesvirus
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Brucella canis
- Toxocara canis
- Blastomyces dermatitidis
- Actinomyces spp
- Candida albicans
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca