These bacteria are part of the normal oral and intestinal biotome of dogs, and have been cultured in enterohepatic circulation associated with hepatobiliary disease as well as systemic infections such as prostatitis and meningoencephalitis.
Species which are pathogenic in dogs include:
- Bacteroides vulgatus
- Bacteroides fragilis
- Bacteroides splanchnicus
- Bacteroides forsythus
Greater numbers of this bacteria have been found in dogs with diarrhea, although their ability to initiate gastroenteritis in dogs in unsure.
Dermal contamination of dogs with this fecal bacteria may play a part in their establishing secondary purulent infections such as abscesses.
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