Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:
- Coxiella burnetti
Routine sampling of dogs in regions where abattoirs are operational reveal seroprevalence rates of 20%, suggesting C. burnetii infection in domestic dogs may have public health implications for dog owners.
Military working dogs have been exposed to disease while deployed and are a potential source for human infection.
Diagnosis of canine infections is by serology (immunofluorescence assay) and/or PCR detection of C. burnetii DNA.
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