A few rare cases of canine infections have been reported associated with disseminated infection associated with concurrent immunosuppression, despite seroepidemiological surveys in some countries showing urban stray dogs having a relatively significant (5%) antibody titre to the bacteria.
Species which have been reported in dogs include:
- Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
- Erysipelothrix tonsillarum
A history of having eaten raw bird carcases may be evident.
Clinical symptoms include lameness, fever, lethargy, dyspnea, anorexia and erythematous skin lesions, particularly petechiae and ecchymoses of the abdominal skin and genitals.
Blood cultures are usually diagnostic, with speciation available via PCR assays in various reference laboratories.
Treatment is usually effective with broad-spectrum antimicrobials such as amoxycillin/clavulanate, but a guarded prognosis should be considered in cases with complicating organ pathology.
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