Gastritis, defined as any inflammatory or infectious disease of the stomach, is an umbrella term for a large number of underlying conditions.
Acute gastritis is often attributed to 'garbage eating', which is relatively common with dogs, often resolves with symptomatic therapy.
Chronic hypertrophic gastritis, proliferative gastritis, or hyperplastic gastritis are generic terms in dogs for more rare disease characterized by a marked thickening of gastric rugae due to mucosal hyperplasia. The lesions may predominantly involve the mucosa of the body of the stomach or as part of a generalized gastrointestinal disease.
- Lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis
- Familial stomatocytosis-hypertrophic gastritis
- Gastric dilation-volvulus
Chronic gastritis is considered a prevalent disease in dogs.
Diagnosis is based on clinical history, responses to conservative therapy, endoscopic visualization and gastric biopsy, as well as histological examination of tissue samples.
- Leblanc B et al (1993) Hyperplastic gastritis with intraepithelial Campylobacter-like organisms in a Beagle dog. Vet Pathol 30(4):391-394
- Shabestari AS et al (2008) Assessment of chronic gastritis in pet dogs and its relation with helicobacter-like organisms. Pak J Biol Sci 11(11):1443-1448