Idiopathic acute canine polyradiculoneuropathy
Clinically affected dogs are usually previously healthy and present with acute progressive flaccid quadriparesis and hyporeflexia, facial paralysis and laryngeal weakness. These signs often develop 7-14 days after a raccoon bite or scratch, suggesting an underlying an immune-mediated reaction to raccoon saliva or other antigens.
Electrophysiological and pathological features indicated varying degrees of motor-sensory polyneuropathy with some demyelination.
Recovery is usually rapid and often complete in dogs that did not die from respiratory complications.
Supportive intravenous fluids and prednisolone may be required but nursing care is primarily indicated and requires 2 - 4 weeks before recovery of normal ambulation. Relapses may occur.
- ↑ Cummings JF & Haas DC (1966) Coonhound paralysis. An acute idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis in dogs resembling the Landry-Guillain-Barré syndrome. J Neurol Sci 4(1):51-81
- ↑ Molín J et al (2011) Acute clinical onset chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy in a dog. Muscle Nerve 44(3):441-444
- ↑ Merck Vet Manual
- ↑ Northington JW & Brown MJ (1982) Acute canine idiopathic polyneuropathy. A Guillain-Barré-like syndrome in dogs. J Neurol Sci 56(2-3):259-273
- ↑ Boydell P (2010) Coonhound paralysis in South Yorkshire? Vet Rec 167(9):351
- ↑ Hawe RS (1979) Acute idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis in a dog (a case report and discussion). Vet Med Small Anim Clin 74(5):675-680