Lutzomyia spp

From Dog
Adult Lutzomyia spp fly

Lutzomyia spp are a hematophagous parasitic fly which can transmit Leishmania spp.

Only females are parasitic, with male being free-living.

Species which are parasitic to dogs include:

  • Lutzomyia shannoni
  • Lutzomyia cruzi[1]
  • Lutzomyia whitmani[2]
  • Lutzomyia youngi[3]
  • Lutzomyia longipalpis - questionable[4]
  • Lutzomyia almerioi[5]
  • Lutzomyia gomezi[6]
  • Lutzomyia trapidoi

Certain species of Lutzomyia (L. shannoni), found along the eastern United States and as far north as New Jersey, are considered a potentially competent vector for L. mexicana[7].

References

  1. Missawa NA et al (2011) Evidence of transmission of visceral leishmaniasis by Lutzomyia cruzi in the municipality of Jaciara, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 44(1):76-78
  2. Vexenat JA et al (1986) Infeccao experimental de Lutzomyia whitmani em caes infectados com Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 81:125–126
  3. Hernandez D et al (2006) Dog (Canis familiaris) infectivity to Lutzomyia youngi in Trujillo, Venezuela. Biomedica 26(1):242–248
  4. Travi BL et al (2006) Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis infection in two Colombian dogs: a note on infectivity for sand flies and response to treatment. Biomedica 26(1):249–253
  5. Savani ES et al (2009) The finding of Lutzomyia almerioi and Lutzomyia longipalpis naturally infected by Leishmania spp. in a cutaneous and canine visceral leishmaniases focus in Serra da Bodoquena, Brazil. Vet Parasitol 160(1-2):18-24
  6. Travi BL et al (2006) Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis infection in two Colombian dogs: a note on infectivity for sand flies and response to treatment. Biomedica 26(1):249-53
  7. Lindsay DS, Zajac AM, Barr SC (2002) Leishmaniasis in American Foxhounds: An Emerging Zoonosis? Compend Cont Educ Pract Vet 24:304-312