This defect is observable soon after birth and in some dogs worsens with age, affecting both hindlegs or only one. Pes varus usually arises as a result of asymmetric closure of the physis of the distal tibia.
Diagnosis can usually be ascertained by visual inspection and comparison of both hindlegs. Radiographic imaging can help confirm a diagnosis and exclude other diseases such as hip dysplasia, panosteitis, hypertrophic osteodystrophy and nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism.
Post-operative limb alignment should be confirmed by evaluation of tibiotarsal joint orientation rather than solely on intraoperative visual assessment.
- Johnson SG et al (1989) Corrective osteotomy for pes varus in the dachshund. Vet Surg 18(5):373-379
- Izumisawa Y et al (2005) Axial correction of pes varus by transverse-opening wedge osteotomy and T-plate fixation with beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) transplantation in dachshunds. J Vet Med Sci 67(4):437-440
- Petazzoni M et al (2012) Treatment of pes varus using locking plate fixation in seven Dachshund dogs. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 25(3):231-238
- Radasch RM et al (2008) Pes varus correction in Dachshunds using a hybrid external fixator. Vet Surg 37(1):71-81