Only females are parasitic, with male being free-living.
Species which are parasitic to dogs include:
- Phlebotomus argentipes - only species involved in canine leishmaniasis
- Phlebotomus neglectus
- Phlebotomus perfiliewi perfiliewi
- Phlebotomus chinensis - China
- Tánczos B et al (2012) First record of autochthonous canine leishmaniasis in Hungary. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 12(7):588-594