Prostatic adenocarcinoma is a rare prostate disease of male dogs.
Prostatic adenocarcinoma occur in both entire and desexed male dogs, and invariably involve various degrees of prostatic hyperplasia. Precancerous lesions are thought to be absent, compared with humans, and adenocarcinoma in dogs is usually associated with high grade prostatic intraepithelial ductal cells, as opposed to acinar basal cells in prostatic hyperplasia.
The metastatic index of these tumors is relatively high, with the lungs a common secondary metastatic site.
Adenocarcinoma is the most common prostatic neoplasia, although others have been identified, including:
- Prostatic adenoma (nodular hyperplasia)
- Prostatic carcinoma
- Prostatic sarcoma
- Prostatic haemangiosarcoma
- Prostatic leiomyosarcoma
- Prostatic osteosarcoma
- Prostatic lymphoma
- Transitional cell carcinoma
Clinical signs are usually variable but often include hematuria, tenesmus and constipation. In advance prostatic neoplasia, lethargy, fever and prostatic abscessation may result.
Diagnosis is based on laparoscopic or ultrasound-guided needle biopsy of the prostate, followed by histological analysis of submitted samples.
Treatment often requires surgical curettage, laser ablation or radiation therapy.
- University of Guelph
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