Status epilepticus is defined as continual seizures that last for more than 5 minutes.
This condition should be distinguished from cluster seizures, where a number of separate seizures occurs over a period of hours.
In dogs, then may be life-threatening due to consequent hyperthermia.
Status epilepticus can be observed in idiopathic epilepsy, the most common form of seizures, but has also been reported associated with brain tumors such as oligodendroglioma, hepatic encephalopathy associated with portosystemic shunt and with milbemycin toxicity in breeds with known Ivermectin and Multi Drug Sensitivity.
Dog with non-responsive status epilepticus have a poorer prognosis.
- Monteiro R et al (2012) Canine idiopathic epilepsy: prevalence, risk factors and outcome associated with cluster seizures and status epilepticus. J Small Anim Pract 53(9):526-530
- Hasegawa D et al (2012) Long-Term Survival in a Dog with Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma Treated with Radiation Therapy and CCNU. J Vet Med Sci 74(11):1517-1521
- Burkhardt W et al (2012) Milbemycinoxime intoxication in a Miniature Australian Shepherd dog. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 154(8):345-348
- Hardy BT et al (2012) Double-masked, placebo-controlled study of intravenous levetiracetam for the treatment of status epilepticus and acute repetitive seizures in dogs. J Vet Intern Med 26(2):334-340
- Arrol L et al (2012) Aetiology and long-term outcome of juvenile epilepsy in 136 dogs. Vet Rec 170(13):335