Species which are pathogenic are:
- Streptobacillus moniliformis
This peculiar and rare disease may develop following the bite of a rat or, even more rarely, by the ingestion of contaminated food or drink.
Clinicalo symptoms in humans include an acute onset, low grade intermittent fever, sporadic rash, and severe prolonged joint pain and arthritis. If the organisms are ingested gastrointestinal signs may be marked.
In one reported case of a fatal canine infection, the dog presented with bacteremia, diffuse osteomyelitis, purulent polyarthritis, fibrosing periarthritis, endocarditis, interstitial pneumonia and secondary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy.
- Indian journal of Medical Microbiology
- Torres L et al (2003) Bacteremia by Streptobacillus moniliformis: first case described in Spain. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 22(4):258-260
- Peel MM (1993) Dog-associated bacterial infections in humans: isolates submitted to an Australian reference laboratory, 1981-1992. Pathology 25(4):379-384
- Wouters EG et al (2008) Dogs as vectors of Streptobacillus moniliformis infection? Vet Microbiol 128(3-4):419-422
- Ditchfield J et al (1961) Streptobacillus Moniliformis Infection in a Dog. Can Vet J 2(12):457-459