Arthritis

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Arthritis associated with ununited anconeal process in the elbow of a dog[1]

Arthritis is a collective term for acute or chronic inflammation of joints. When bone becomes involved in the disease process, it is termed osteoarthritis.

Causes include:

- post-operative, panosteitis, osteomyelitis
- chronic inflammatory or infectious diseases - e.g. systemic lupus erythematosus, chronic ulcerative colitis
- achondroplasia
- hypertrophic osteodystrophy
- polyarthritis
- juvenile cranial hyperostosis
- elbow dysplasia
- hip dysplasia
- Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
  • Neoplasia
- Osteosarcoma
- Synovial cell sarcoma

The primary clinical manifestation is joint pain, restricted joint movement, localized swelling and joint deformity.

Treatments primary focuses on palliative anti-inflammatory relief of pain and minimization of the ongoing disease. A wide range of drugs have been used to combat chronic arthritis include:

References

  1. Canine Joint Pain
  2. Clarke SP & Ferguson JF (2012) Bacterial infective arthritis following a penetrating stick injury of the stifle joint in a dog. J Small Anim Pract 53(8):483-486
  3. Malek S et al (2012) Effect of analgesic therapy on clinical outcome measures in a randomized controlled trial using client-owned dogs with hip osteoarthritis. BMC Vet Res 8(1):185