Heart diseases

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Heart and circulatory diseases of dogs

- Atrial septal defect
- Atrioventricular muscle dystrophy
- Cor triatriatum
- Double-chambered right ventricle
- Ebstein's anomaly
- Endocardial fibroelastosis
- Mitral valve dysplasia
- Mitral valve endocardiosis
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Patent foramen ovale
- Peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia
- Persistent right aortic arch
- Pulmonic stenosis
- Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction
- Subaortic stenosis
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Tricuspid dysplasia
- Valvular aortic stenosis
- Vascular ring anomaly
- Ventricular septal defect
- Endocarditis
- Pericarditis
- Myocarditis
- Heartworm disease
- Babesia spp[1]
- Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii - usually causes endocarditis as well[2]
- Borrelia burgdorferi
- Leishmania spp[3]
- Neospora caninum[4]
- Trypanosoma cruzi[5] - may result in chronic cardiomyopathy[6]
  • Cardiomyopathy
- Arrythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Circulatory diseases
- Cor pulmonale
- Hypertension
- Thromboembolism
  • Ectopic impulses and conduction disorders
- Arrhythmias
- Atrial fibrillation
- Atrial premature complexes
- Atrial standstill
- Atrial tachycardia
- Atrioventricular blocks - first-degree atrioventricular block, second-degree atrioventricular block, third-degree atrioventricular block
- Atrioventricular dissociation - predisposition in the Labrador Retrievers[7]
- Bundle branch blocks
- Sick sinus syndrome
- Sinus bradycardia
- Supraventricular tachycardia
- Vasovagal syncope
- Ventricular arrhythmia
- Ventricular premature complexes
- Ventricular tachycardia
- Ventricular fibrillation
- Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
  • Degenerative disorders
- Cardiac tamponade
- Congestive heart failure
- Left atrial rupture
- Mitral valve endocardiosis
- Pericardial effusion
- Pulsus paradoxus
- Chemodectoma
- Hemangiosarcoma
- Cardiac leiomyoma
- Pericardial lipoma
- Rhabdomyosarcoma
- Thyroid carcinoma
- Mesothelioma
- Anticoagulant rodenticides
- Strychnine toxicity

References

  1. Lobetti RG (2005) Cardiac involvement in canine babesiosis. J S Afr Vet Assoc 76(1):4-8
  2. Billeter SA et al (2012) Invasion of canine erythrocytes by Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii. Vet Microbiol 156(1-2):213-216
  3. Torrent E et al (2005) Myocarditis and generalised vasculitis associated with leishmaniosis in a dog. J Small Anim Pract 46(11):549-552
  4. Meseck EK et al (2005) Use of a multiplex polymerase chain reaction to rapidly differentiate Neospora caninum from Toxoplasma gondii in an adult dog with necrotizing myocarditis and myocardial infarct. J Vet Diagn Invest 17(6):565-568
  5. Caldas IS et al (2012) Myocardial scars correlate with eletrocardiographic changes in chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection for dogs treated with Benznidazole. Trop Med Int Health Oct 29
  6. Guedes PM et al (2009) Development of chronic cardiomyopathy in canine Chagas disease correlates with high IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and low IL-10 production during the acute infection phase. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 130(1-2):43-52
  7. Perego M et al (2012) Isorhythmic atrioventricular dissociation in Labrador Retrievers. J Vet Intern Med 26(2):320-325