Neurological disease

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There are a broad range of diseases in dogs which are capable of causing neurological signs.

Neurological disease commonly present with a number of symptoms such as ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, vestibular disease, cognitive dysfunction syndrome, episodic weakness, depression or seizures.

Complete neurological testing is mandatory prior to further diagnostic workup[1].


Neurological diseases affecting the nervous system of dogs

- Acral mutilation syndrome
- Arachnoid cysts
- Atlantoaxial subluxation
- Cerebellar abiotrophy
- Cerebellar hypoplasia
- Cerebellar Purkinje Cell degeneration - Bavarian Mountain Dog
- Cerebellar spongy degeneration - Labrador Retriever, Malinois
- Ceroid lipofuscinosis
- Chiari malformations
- Dandy-Walker syndrome
- Deafness
- Degenerative myelopathy in Pembroke Welsh Corgis and Boxers
- Dermoid cyst
- Encephalomyelopathy
- Fibrinoid leukodystrophy
- Globoid cell leukodystrophy
- Hepatocerebellar degeneration
- Hereditary spinal muscular atrophy - Brittany Spaniel
- Hydranencephaly
- Hydrocephalus
- Hypertrophic neuropathy - Tibetan Mastiff
- Leonberger polyneuropathy
- Leucoencephalopathy - Labrador Retriever
- Lissencephaly
- Meningoencephalocele
- Myasthenia gravis
- Neonatal encephalopathy
- Neuroaxonal dystrophy
- Neurovisceral glucocerebrosidosis
- Occipital dysplasia
- Optic nerve hypoplasia
- Osteochondromatosis
- Peripheral nerve hyperexcitability syndrome in Jack Russell terriers
- Progressive ataxia
- Sacrocaudal dysgenesis
- Spina bifida
- Syringomyelia
- Wobbler syndrome
- Aplysia gigantea toxicosis
- Neospora spp
- Sarcocystis spp
- Toxoplasma spp
- Cryptococcus spp
- Cladosporium spp
- Torulopsis glabrata
- Acremonium spp
- Phaeohyphomycosis
- Aujeszky disease virus
- Canine distemper virus
- Canine parvovirus leucoencephalopathy
- Rabies virus
- Tick-borne encephalitis virus
  • Sensory neuropathies
- Acral mutilation syndrome
- Dancing Doberman disease
- Episodic falling in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
- Ganglioradiculitis
- Ivermectin and Multi Drug Sensitivity
- Progressive axonopathy in Boxers
- Sensory ataxic neuropathy in Golden Retrievers
- Sensory Neuropathy in Longhaired Dachshunds
- Sensory Neuropathy in English Pointers
- Sensory Trigeminal Neuropathy
  • Polyradiculoneuritis
- Coonhound Paralysis
- Idiopathic Polyradiculoneuritis
- Cauda equina syndrome
- Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy
- Infectious Polyradiculoneuritis
- Postvaccinal Polyradiculoneuritis
- Trigeminal neuritis
  • Inflammatory diseases
- Ganglioneuromatosis
- Ganglioradiculitis
- Granulomatous meningoencephalomyelitis
- Greyhound meningoencephalitis
- Myelodysplasia
- Otitis media
- Polyradiculoneuritis
- Vestibular disease
- Brain tumours
  • Metabolic disorders
- Diabetes mellitus-associated peripheral neuropathy
- Hepatic encephalopathy
- Gangliosidosis
  • Musculoskeletal disorders
- Atlantoaxial subluxation
  • Miscellaneous
- Dysautonomia

References

  1. de Lahunta, A. & Glass, E. (2008) Veterinary Neuroanatomy and Clinical Neurology, Elsevier, USA