Clinical symptoms are usually rapid in onset and dogs present in a state of collapse, dyspnea and shock, and sometimes may cough blood.
These patients are considered medical emergencies and supportive therapy, sometimes requiring positive-pressure ventilation is necessary. Snake-specific or multivalent antivenins are given intravenously to effect and recovery can sometimes be prolonged.
- Hoggan SR et al (2011) Mojave toxin-type ascending flaccid paralysis after an envenomation by a Southern Pacific Rattlesnake in a dog. J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 21(5):558-564