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  • Electrolytes
Calcium (Ca) Hypocalcemia Hypercalcemia
Phosphorus (P) Hypophosphatemia Hyperphosphatemia
Sodium (Na) Hyponatremia Hypernatremia
Chloride (Cl) Hypochloremia Hyperchloremia
Potassium (K) Hypokalemia Hyperkalemia
Magnesium (Mg) Hypomagnesemia Hypermagnesemia
  • Bile acids - pre- and post-prandial ranges 0 - 10 and 0 - 20 μM/L respectively[1]

Physiology Units Approximate Value
Heart Rate Beats per min 70 - 120
Rectal Temperature Fahrenheit 102
Rectal Temperature Centigrade 38.9
Resting Respiratory Rate Breaths per min 18 - 34
Urine Specific Gravity Grams per milli-litre 1.016 - 1.060

Haematologic Type US Units Full US Units Internarional Standard Units (SI) Full SI Units Normal Ranges
UNITED STATES UNITS / International Standard Units (SI)
Packed Cell Volume (PCV) (Haematocrit) % Percentage x10-2/L Per litr 37 - 55
Hemoglobin (Hgb) g/dL Grams per deci-litre x10 g/L Grams per litre 12 - 18
Red Blood Cells (RBC) x10-6/uL Per microlitre x10 g/L Grams per litre 5.5 - 8.5
Reticulocytes % Percentage % Percentage 0 - 1.5
Mean Corpuscular Volume f/L Per femtolitre f/L Per femtolitre 60 - 77
Mean Corpuscular Hgb pg Per picogram pg Per picogram 19.5 - 24.5
Mean Corpuscular Hgb Concentration g/dL Grams per deci-litre x10 g/L Grams per litre 24 - 219
Platelets x10-5/uL Per microlitre x10-11/L Per litre 2 - 9
White Blood Cells x10-3/uL Per microlitre x10-9/L Per litre 6 - 17
Neutrophils (Segmented) % x10-3/uL Per microlitre % x10-9/L Per litre 60 - 70% or 3 - 11.4
Neutrophils (band) % x10-3/uL Per microlitre % x10-9/L Per litre 0 - 3% or 0 - 0.3
Lymphocytes % x10-3/uL Per microlitre % x10-9/L Per litre 12 - 30 / 1 - 4.8
Monocytes % x10-3/uL Per microlitre % x10-9/L Per litre 3 - 10 / 0.15 - 1.35
Eosinophils % x10-3/uL Per microlitre % x10-9/L Per litre 2 - 10 / 0.1 - 0.75
Basophils % x10-3/uL Per microlitre % x10-9/L Per litre Rare
Myeloid/Erythroid Ratio No units No units No units No units 0.75 - 2.4 : 1
Plasma Proteins g/dL Grams per deci-litre x10g/L Grams per litre 6 - 7.5
Plasma Fibrogen g/dL Grams per deci-litre x10g/L Grams per litre 0.15 - 0.3

Serum Type Units Full Units Normal Ranges
INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM (SI) UNITS
Bicarbonate mmol/L Millimoles per litre 18 - 25
Bilirubin mmol/L Millimoles per litre 0.9 - 10.6
Calcium mmol/L Millimoles per litre 2.2 - 3.0
Chloride mmol/L Millimoles per litre 102 - 117
Cholesterol mmol/L Millimoles per litre 3.0 - 6.6
Creatinine mmol/L Millimoles per litre 44 - 138
Glucose mmol/L Millimoles per litre 3.4 - 6.0
Magnesium mmol/L Millimoles per litre 0.7 - 1.1
Phosphorus mmol/L Millimoles per litre 1.0 - 2.0
Potassium mmol/L Millimoles per litre 3.8 - 5.6
Protein Albumin g/L Grams per litre 55 - 75
Protein Globulin g/L Grams per litre 21 - 37
Sodium mmol/L Millimoles per litre 140 - 154
Urea Nitrogen mmol/L Millimoles per litre 3.1 - 9.2
UNITED STATES UNITS
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) u/L Units per litre 8.2 - 57
Amylase u/L Units per litre 270 - 1462
Alkaline Phosphatase u/L Units per litre 10.6 - 101
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) u/L Units per litre 8.9 - 49
Creatine Kinase u/L Units per litre 14 - 120
Gamma Glutamyltransferase (GGT) u/L Units per litre 1.0 - 9.7
Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) u/L Units per litre 24 - 219
Sorbitol Dehydrogenase (SDH) u/L Units per litre 3.1 - 7.6
Bicarbonate mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 18 - 25
Bilirubin mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 0.1 - 0.6
Calcium mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 8.7 - 11.8
Chloride mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 102 - 117
Cholesterol mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 116 - 254
Creatinine mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 0.5 - 1.6
Glucose mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 62 - 108
Magnesium mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 1.7 - 2.7
Phosphorus mg/dL Milligrams per deci-litre 2.9 - 6.2
Potassium mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 3.8 - 5.6
Protein Albumin g/dL Grams per deci-litre 5.5 - 7.5
Protein Globulin g/dL Grams per deci-litre 2.6 - 4.0
Sodium mEq/dL Milliequivalents per deci-litre 140 - 154
Urea Nitrogen mg/dL Milligrams per deci-litre 8.8 - 26



References

  1. Yoon H et al (2011) Contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography and volume-rendered imaging for evaluation of cellophane banding in a dog with extrahepatic portosystemic shunt. J S Afr Vet Assoc 82(2):125-128