Lameness

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Equine sarcoid
Sandcracks in a horse's hoof
Small hooves like this one seem more prone to navicular disease
Windgalls on the caudal aspect of fetlock

Lameness in horses is the result of a change from normal stance and gait caused by either a structural or a functional disorder of one or more of the limbs, the neck, or the trunk. Diagnosis involves use of regional nerve blocks, and treatment specifically focuses on addressing the causative agent.

  • Neuromuscular diseases
- Equine polysaccharide storage myopathy - EPSM
- Shivers
  • Hoof diseases of horses are the usual cause of lameness in horses and one of the most common presentations to veterinary clinics worldwide.
- Laminitis
- Sarcoids
- Sweet itch
- Keratoma
- Epidermoid cyst - usually in nasal epithelium, but have been described in coronary band of hoof
- Lacerations / trauma
- Bruised sole
- Corns
- Canker
- Navicular disease
- Pedal osteitis
- Pyramidal disease
- Quittor
- Sandcrack
- Seedy Toe
- Sheared heels
- Sidebone
- Thrush
  • Fetlock and pastern diseases
- Sesamoiditis
- Villonodular synovitis
- Windgalls
  • Carpus and Tarsus diseases
- Desmitis of inferior check ligament
- Fracture of the third metacarpal
- Hygroma
- Tarsal sheath tenosynovitis
- Bone spavin
- Bog spavin
- Curb
- Displacement of Superficial Flexor Tendon from the Point of the Hock
- Fracture of the Tarsus
- Hindlimb Tendon Ruptures
- Rupture of the Peroneus Tertius Muscle
- Stringhalt
- Thoroughpin
  • Shoulder and elbow diseases
- Arthritis of the Shoulder Joint
- Bicipital bursitis
- Fractures of the Elbow
- Fractures of the Shoulder
- Sweeney
  • Stifle diseases
- Fracture of the Stifle
- Gonitis
- Patellar Luxation
- Subchondral Bone Cyst
  • Hip diseases
- Coxitis
- Dislocation of the Hip
- Pelvic Fracture
- Trochanteric Bursitis
  • Back diseases
- Fractures
- Muscle and Ligament Strain
- Ossifying spondylosis
- Overriding of the Dorsal Spinous Processes
- Sacroiliac Injury