Difference between revisions of "Skin diseases"

From Cat
(Created page with "*'''Parasites''' :- Flea allergy dermatitis :- Mites ::- ''Cheyletiella spp'' ::- ''Demodex spp'' ::- ''Notoedres spp'' ::- ''[[Otodectes spp]...")
 
 
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[[Image:fad01.jpg|thumb|[[Flea allergy dermatitis]] in a [[Domestic shorthair]] cat]]
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[[Image:not2.jpg|thumb|''[[Notoedres spp]]'' infestation in a [[Domestic shorthair]] cat]]
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[[Image:ring3.jpg|thumb|''[[Microsporum spp]]'' infection (Ringworm) in a [[Domestic shorthair]] kitten]]
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[[Image:herpes01.jpg|thumb|Ulcerative nasal dermatitis ('''cold sores''') in an [[FHV]]-infected cat that also suffered chronic [[feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD)|FLUTD]], sinusitis and [[conjunctivitis]]]]
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[[Image:digit1.jpg|thumb|Feline [[plasma cell pododermatitis]] of unknown etiology]]
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[[Image:cutaneous_asthenia.jpg|thumb|[[Cutaneous asthenia]] in a [[Domestic shorthair]] cat]]
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[[Image:11a.jpg|thumb|[[Pemphigus foliaceous/erythematosus|Pemphigus foliaceous]] in a 4 year old cat that presented acutely with inappetance and lethargy]]
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[[Image:chondritis02.jpg|thumb|A 6-year-old [[Domestic shorthair]] cat with [[plasma cell chondritis]], showing bilateral distortion of the pinnae. (Courtesy F. Dalzell)]]
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[[Image:ILMF02.jpg|thumb|[[Idiopathic lymphocytic mural folliculitis]] in a [[Domestic shorthair ]] cat]]
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Skin diseases encompasses a feline medical specialty within itself.
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Skin conditions are one of the most common presentation in cats and account for up to 20% of causes of presentation to veterinary clinics worldwide<ref>Scott, DW, Miller, WH & Griffin, CE (2001) Bacterial skin diseases. In Muller, W (Ed): Muller and Kirk's Small animal dermatology. 6th Edn. WB Saunders, Philadelphia. pp:274-335</ref>.
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*See also [[Morphological description of skin lesions]]
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*Note: The term [[miliary dermatitis]] is a symptom of disease rather than a diagnosis and further investigation is required to ascertain an accurate diagnosis.
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*'''Genetic skin diseases'''
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:- [[Long hair]]
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:- [[Rex coat]]
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:- [[Congenital hypotrichosis]]
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:- [[Follicular dysplasia]]
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:- [[Hair dysplasia]]
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:- [[Pili torti]]
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:- [[Hereditary epidermolysis bullosa]]
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:- [[Hereditary greasy seborrhoea]]
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:- [[Cutaneous asthenia]]
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:- [[Urticaria pigmentosa]]
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:Genetic abnormalities in melanin pigmentation
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::- [[Vitiligo]]
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::- [[Waardenburg syndrome]]
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::- [[Piebaldism]]
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::- [[Albinism|Oculocutaneous albinism]]
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::- [[Chediak-Higashi syndrome]]
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::- [[Lentigines]]
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*'''Degenerative skin diseases'''
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:- [[Lentigo]] in old cats
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*'''Psychologically-induced skin diseases'''
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:- [[Alopecia|Psychogenic alopecia]]
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*'''Allergic/Immune-mediated skin diseases'''
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:- [[Skin fragility syndrome]]
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:- [[Atopy]]
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:- [[Eosinophilic granuloma complex]]
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:- [[Flea allergy dermatitis]]
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:- [[Food allergy dermatitis]]
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:- [[Idiopathic facial dermatitis in Persian cats]]
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:- [[Idiopathic lymphocytic mural folliculitis]]
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:- [[Idiopathic ulcerative dermatitis]]
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:- [[Pemphigus]]
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:- [[Plasma cell pododermatitis]]
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:- [[Plasma cell chondritis]]
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:- [[Lupus erythematosus|Systemic lupus erythematosus]]
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:- [[Xanthoma|Cutaneous xanthoma]]
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*'''[[Viral diseases|Viral]]'''
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:- [[FHV dermatitis]]
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:- [[Pox virus infection]]
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:- [[Papilloma|Feline sarcoids]] - possible association with bovine fibropapilloma virus
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*'''[[Bacterial diseases|Bacterial]]'''
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:- [[Superficial pyoderma]]
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:- [[Deep pyoderma]]
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:- [[Acne]]
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:- [[Juvenile pustular dermatitis]]
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:- [[Bacterial diseases|Miscellaneous bacterial infections]]
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*'''[[Fungal infections|Fungal skin diseases]]'''
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:- [[Microsporum spp|Ringworm]]
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:- ''[[Malassezia spp]]''
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:- [[Dermatophytic pseudo-mycetome|Dermatophytic pseudo-mycetome of Persian cats]]
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:- [[Deep fungal opportunist infections]]
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:- [[Paronychia]]
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*'''[[Parasites]]'''
 
*'''[[Parasites]]'''
 
:- [[Flea allergy dermatitis]]
 
:- [[Flea allergy dermatitis]]

Latest revision as of 12:18, 27 November 2019

File:Ring3.jpg
Microsporum spp infection (Ringworm) in a Domestic shorthair kitten
Ulcerative nasal dermatitis (cold sores) in an FHV-infected cat that also suffered chronic FLUTD, sinusitis and conjunctivitis
File:Digit1.jpg
Feline plasma cell pododermatitis of unknown etiology
Pemphigus foliaceous in a 4 year old cat that presented acutely with inappetance and lethargy
A 6-year-old Domestic shorthair cat with plasma cell chondritis, showing bilateral distortion of the pinnae. (Courtesy F. Dalzell)

Skin diseases encompasses a feline medical specialty within itself.

Skin conditions are one of the most common presentation in cats and account for up to 20% of causes of presentation to veterinary clinics worldwide[1].

  • Genetic skin diseases
- Long hair
- Rex coat
- Congenital hypotrichosis
- Follicular dysplasia
- Hair dysplasia
- Pili torti
- Hereditary epidermolysis bullosa
- Hereditary greasy seborrhoea
- Cutaneous asthenia
- Urticaria pigmentosa
Genetic abnormalities in melanin pigmentation
- Vitiligo
- Waardenburg syndrome
- Piebaldism
- Oculocutaneous albinism
- Chediak-Higashi syndrome
- Lentigines
  • Degenerative skin diseases
- Lentigo in old cats
  • Psychologically-induced skin diseases
- Psychogenic alopecia
  • Allergic/Immune-mediated skin diseases
- Skin fragility syndrome
- Atopy
- Eosinophilic granuloma complex
- Flea allergy dermatitis
- Food allergy dermatitis
- Idiopathic facial dermatitis in Persian cats
- Idiopathic lymphocytic mural folliculitis
- Idiopathic ulcerative dermatitis
- Pemphigus
- Plasma cell pododermatitis
- Plasma cell chondritis
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Cutaneous xanthoma
- FHV dermatitis
- Pox virus infection
- Feline sarcoids - possible association with bovine fibropapilloma virus
- Superficial pyoderma
- Deep pyoderma
- Acne
- Juvenile pustular dermatitis
- Miscellaneous bacterial infections
- Ringworm
- Malassezia spp
- Dermatophytic pseudo-mycetome of Persian cats
- Deep fungal opportunist infections
- Paronychia
- Flea allergy dermatitis
- Mites
- Cheyletiella spp
- Demodex spp
- Notoedres spp
- Otodectes spp
- Trombiculosis
- Sarcoptes spp
- Nematodes
- Rhabditis strongyloides, Strongyloides spp, Ancylostoma spp, Anatrichosoma spp, Lagochilascaris spp
  • Neoplastic skin diseases
- Basal cell tumour
- Cutaneous horn - benign
- Ceruminous adenoma, :ceruminous carcinoma
- Calcinosis cutis, metastatic
- Cutaneous haemangiosarcoma
- Cutaneous xanthomatosis
- Epidermal cysts
- Feline bowenoid in situ carcinoma
- Fibromatose
- Fibropapilloma (sarcoids)
- Fibrosarcoma
- Follicular lymphoma
- Lymphocytosis
- Lymphosarcoma - cutaneous
- Lymphosarcoma - mycosis fungoides
- Lymphosarcoma - sezary syndrome
- Lymphosarcoma - pagetoid reticulosis
- Malignant fibrohistiocytoma
- Mammary adenocarcinoma - cutaneous metastasis
- Mast cell tumour
- Melanoma
- Pancreatic paraneoplastic alopecia
- Paraneoplastic exfoliative dermatitis
- Paraneoplastic pruritus
- Pulmonary adenocarcinoma - cutaneous metastasis
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Superficial necrolytic dermatitis

References

  1. Scott, DW, Miller, WH & Griffin, CE (2001) Bacterial skin diseases. In Muller, W (Ed): Muller and Kirk's Small animal dermatology. 6th Edn. WB Saunders, Philadelphia. pp:274-335