True albinino, or amelanistic, cattle lack melanin and are white with no markings and with unpigmented pink eyes. Unlike other mammals where albinism is due to a defect in tyrosinase activity within cells, albinism appears to be due to mutations in lactate dehydrogenase A activity in cattle.
- University of Saskatchewan
- Schmutz SM et al (2004) A form of albinism in cattle is caused by a tyrosinase frameshift mutation. Mamm Genome 15(1):62-67
- Jayasekera U & Leipold H (1981) Albinism in US Charolais cattle. Ann Genet Sel Anim 13(3):213-218
- Foreman ME et al (1994) Mapping the bovine albino locus. J Hered 85(4):318-320
- Kunieda T et al (2000) Localization of the locus responsible for Chediak-Higashi syndrome in cattle to bovine chromosome 28. Anim Genet 31(2):87-90