The development of the Barzona breed began in 1942 by Francis Bard and his wife at their ranch in the intermountain desert area of Yavapai County, Arizona. They hoped to develop a breed that would be adapted to their area which was rugged and rocky, with extreme temperatures, sparse rainfall, and scattered feed.
Modern Barzona are a medium size beef animal. It is distinguishable by its longish head and may be either horned or polled. Barzona are generally medium red, but colour may vary from dark to light red, with occasional white on the underline or switch.