Damalinia spp

From Cow
Adult Damalinia spp

Damalinia spp (cattle biting louse) are a tropical and subtropical parasitic louse which rarely affects cattle except in rural areas where they are kept with dogs and cats.

Damalinia are found throughout the world but is generally restricted to areas with domestic livestock.

Alopecia, pruritus and 'worry' are common features of this parasite.

Species which are pathogenic to cattle include:

  • 'Damalinia bovis[1]

These parasites can be effectively eradicated with modern insecticides such as fipronil and ivermectin[2].

References

  1. Endris RG et al (2002) Efficacy of a 1% lambdacyhalothrin cattle Pour-on (Saber) against sucking and biting lice infesting beef cattle. Vet Ther 3(4):387-395
  2. White WH et al (2007) Therapeutic and persistent efficacy of spinosad applied as a pour-on or a topical spray against natural infestations of chewing and sucking lice on cattle. Vet Parasitol 143(3-4):329-336