Dermatobia spp

From Cow
Nodules on a cow due to Dermatobia spp flies

Dermatobia are a parasitic bot fly which causes skin disease as well as lechiguana in cattle worldwide[1].

Species of Dermatobia which have been recognized as disease causing in cattle include:

As well as causing skin lesions due to salivary proteases[3], the hides are often condemned at slaughter.

Topical insecticides such as pyrethrins (eg, cypermethrin or cyfluthrin) help control these parasites[4].

Potential vaccines are being developed to help minimise disease impact on cattle[5].


  1. Merck Vet Manual
  2. Villarino MA et al' (2003) An initial survey of the cattle grub Dermatobia hominis (L. Jr.) in Nicaragua. Prev Vet Med 61(4):333-338
  3. Brant MP et al' (2010) Characterization of the excretory/secretory products of Dermatobia hominis larvae, the human bot fly. Vet Parasitol 168(3-4):304-311
  4. Borges FA et al (2008) Endectocide activity of a new long-action formulation containing 2.25% ivermectin+1.25% abamectin in cattle. Vet Parasitol 155(3-4):299-307
  5. Fernandes NL et al (2012) Production of potential vaccine against Dermatobia hominis for cattle. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 167(3):412-424