The Dexter breed originated in the South Western region of Ireland where they were originally kept by small landholders and known as the "poorman's cow". Like the Kerry, they are descended from the predominately black cattle of the early Celts.
The Dexter breed is a small breed of cattle. The breed comes in three colours, predominately black, but also red and dun. Most are horned although a very few naturally polled animals are becoming available.