Species recognized as pathogenic in cattle include:
- Gongylonema pulchrum
- Gongylonema macrogubernaculum
The life cycle of Gongylonema spp is similar to other nematodes except that infective larvae are transported by dung beetles. Cattle ingested infective larvae accidentally and adult worms reside in the small intestine where they feed off intestinal contents.
Clinical signs associated with this parasite are usually nonspecific, and include diarrhea.
Diagnosis is based on presenting clinical signs and confirmation of eggs in fecal samples.
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