Intestinal adenocarcinoma are a relatively rare neoplasia of the intestine of cattle worldwide.
This tumour apparently has a predilection for the duodenum, jejunum and ileum of cattle and with an incidence of less than 0.01%.
Affected cattle often present with vague, intermittent symptoms such as fever, anorexia, weight loss, reduced milk production, colic and tensemus.
Diagnosis is often based on presenting clinical signs, ultrasonographic findings of thickening of intestinal loops, and confirmation usually requires an exploratory laparotomy and localisation of the tumour.
Most adenocarcinoma appear stenotic, annular, scirrhous and superficially ulcerating. Jejunal carcinomas in the cattle tend to metastasize to the regional and bronchomediastinal lymph nodes.
Surgical enterectomy may be palliative, but recurrence is common, as in other species, and this disease carries a guarded prognosis.
- Floeck, M et al (2008) Ileal adenocarcinoma in a cow: a case report. Veterinarni Medicina 4:221–223
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