Species recognised in cattle include:
- Mycoplasma bovis
- Mycoplasma mycoides spp mycoides
- Candidatus Mycoplasma haemobos
- Mycoplasma wenyonii
Mycoplasma bovis and Mycoplasma mycoides spp mycoides small colony (MmmSC) are causes of bovine mycoplasmosis and contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), respectively, and are responsible for serious economic losses in cattle around the world.
Mycoplasma spp are incriminated in bovine diseases including:
- Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, especially in young calves
- Bovine respiratory disease (Shipping fever)
- In association with Moraxella bovis - Infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis
- Toxic epidermal necrolysis
Severe otitis externa and consequent deafness have also been reported associated with Mycoplasma infections.
Detection requires PCR analysis of samples.
- Ayling RD et al (2012) Detection of 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemobos', Mycoplasma wenyonii and Anaplasma phagocytophilum from cattle in England. Vet Rec 170(21):543
- Bednarek D et al (2012) Serological survey to determine the occurrence of respiratory Mycoplasma infections in the Polish cattle population. Vet Rec 171(2):45
- White BJ et al (2012) Clinical, behavioral, and pulmonary changes in calves following inoculation with Mycoplasma bovis. Am J Vet Res 73(4):490-497
- Fox LK (2012) Mycoplasma mastitis: causes, transmission, and control. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 28(2):225-237