Myxobacteria spp

From Cow
Colony of Myxobacteria spp producing a characteristic faint pink color on agar

Myxobacteria are a group of Gram-negative bacteria which can cause metritis and epizootic abortions[1] in cattle worldwide.

These soil bacteria belong to the group Proteobacteria. Myxobacteria is associated with beef cattle that graze in the mountainous regions of California, southern Oregon and western Nevada, and is transmitted by the argasid tick Ornithodoros coriaceus[2].

A newly developed PCR assay has been developed for quick isolation of this bacterium.

The bacteria are sensitive to most broad-spectrum antimicrobials including ceftiofur and Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

References

  1. Brooks RS et al (2011) Quantitative duplex TaqMan real-time polymerase chain reaction for the assessment of the etiologic agent of epizootic bovine abortion. J Vet Diagn Invest 23(6):1153-1159
  2. Teglas MB et al (2006) The geographic distribution of the putative agent of epizootic bovine abortion in the tick vector, Ornithodoros coriaceus. Vet Parasitol 140(3-4):327-333