Species of Salmonella which are pathogenic to cattle include:
- salmonella enterica dublin
- Salmonella enterica typhimurium
Infections are acquired by the oral route, and the bacteria transit through varied anatomical and cellular niches to elicit systemic disease.
Salmonella causes acute enteritis ('typhoid') and exudative diarrhea in calves. In addition to enteric disease, S. dublin can cause systemic infections, and may cause typhoid and abortion in pregnant cows. In these infections, transmission is generally by the oral route.
Broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy usually is effective, given orally or parenterally depending on the severity and location of infection.
- Ersbøll AK & Nielsen LR (2011) Spatial patterns in surveillance data during control of Salmonella Dublin in bovine dairy herds in Jutland, Denmark 2003-2009. Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 2(3):195-204
- Kirchner M et al (2012) A comparison between longitudinal shedding patterns of Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Dublin on dairy farms. Vet Rec 171(8):194
- Pullinger GD et al (2010) Role of two-component sensory systems of Salmonella enterica serovar Dublin in the pathogenesis of systemic salmonellosis in cattle. Microbiology 156(10):3108-3122
- Costa LF et al (2012) Salmonellosis in cattle: advantages of being an experimental model. Res Vet Sci 93(1):1-6
- Nunes JS et al(2010) Morphologic and cytokine profile characterization of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium infection in calves with bovine leukocyte adhesion deficiency. Vet Pathol 47(2):322-333
- Merck Vet Manual