Proteus spp

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Proteus vulgaris as seen growing on agar

Proteus spp are a group of anaerobic Gram-negative bacteria which cause nephritis[1], mastitis, pneumonia and secondary infections in cattle worldwide[2].

The species of Proteus which have been incriminated as being associated with disease in cattle include:

  • Proteus mirabilis
  • Proteus vulgaris

These bacteria are sensitive to a range of broad-spectrum antimicrobials such as penicillins, enrofloxacin and ceftiofur.


  1. Yeruham I et al (2006) A herd level analysis of urinary tract infection in dairy cattle. Vet J 171(1):172-176
  2. Decaro N et al (2008) Respiratory disease associated with bovine coronavirus infection in cattle herds in Southern Italy. J Vet Diagn Invest 20(1):28-32