Growing numbers of multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter spp have been reported in the veterinary literature and this group of bacteria should be of concern as a nosocomial infection, particularly during operative procedures. Bacteria are often found on surfaces in intensive care units of veterinary hospitals.
Acinetobacter are unique in having the ability to integrate foreign DNA. They are also a cause of bacteremic cellulitis in humans.
Species which are pathogenic to dogs include:
- Acinetobacter baumannii
- Acinetobacter parvus
- Acinetobacter ursingii
- Acinetobacter schindleri
- Francey T et al (2000) The role of Acinetobacter baumannii as a nosocomial pathogen for dogs and cats in an intensive care unit. J Vet Intern Med 14(2):177-183
- Boerlin P et al (2001) Transmission of opportunistic pathogens in a veterinary teaching hospital. Vet Microbiol 82(4):347-359
- Dijkshoorn L et al (2007) An increasing threat in hospitals: multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Nat Rev Microbiol 5:939–951
- Zordan S et al (2011) Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in veterinary clinics, Germany. Emerg Infect Dis 17(9):1751-1754
- Mohri T et al(2009) Purulent pericarditis in a dog administered immune-suppressing drugs. J Vet Med Sci 71(5):669-672
- Suchodolski JS et al (2012) 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing reveals bacterial dysbiosis in the duodenum of dogs with idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease. PLoS One 7(6):e39333
- Black DM et al (2009) Antimicrobial therapy and aerobic bacteriologic culture patterns in canine intensive care unit patients: 74 dogs (January-June 2006). J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 19(5):489-495