The Affenpinscher breed (German translation: monkey terrier) originated in Europe as a farm dog, flushing rats out of stables and tracking game in the countryside.
Affenpinschers were gradually bred into a smaller size were popularized as house pets. Registered by the AKC in 1936, the Affenpinscher helped shape several major breeds in Europe, including the Miniature Schnauzer and the Brussels Griffon.
Affenpinschers are small, square-built dogs covered in wiry, dense coats that come in black, tan, black & tan, gray, silver and red. Their round heads, covered in long hair, have short muzzles, dark eyes and black noses. Their ears either point straight up or droop a little; sometimes, they are slightly cropped. Affens have short, straight necks that slope down to deep, broad chests and level backs. Their tails are usually carried high and curl over the back, unless they are cropped.
Overall, Affenpinschers have a neat but scruffy look.
- Hip dysplasia
- Cleft palate
- Elongated soft palate
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
- Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
- Patella luxation
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Seasonal flank alopecia