Pathogenic species in dogs include:
- Apophallus donicum
- Apophallus muehlingi
The life cycle of this parasite includes snails as first intermediate hosts and fish (usually mullets; Mugil cephalus) as second intermediate host. Dogs become infected from eating fish that contain encysted metacercariae.
Diagnosis is based on coprological identification of Apophallus eggs.
Treatment of this parasite in dogs is relatively effective with praziquantel.
- Kansas State University
- Molodozhnikova NM & Zhokhov AE (2007) The taxonomic diversity of the parasites of fishes in the Volga basin. III. Aspidogastrea and Trematoda. Parazitologiia 41(1):28-54
- Yamamoto N et al (2009) Prevalence of intestinal canine and feline parasites in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Kansenshogaku Zasshi 83(3):223-228
- Robinson RD et al (1989) A survey of intestinal helminths of well-cared-for dogs in Jamaica, and their potential public health significance. J Helminthol 63(1):32-38