Arthritis is a collective term for acute or chronic inflammation of joints. When bone becomes involved in the disease process, it is termed osteoarthritis.
- - post-operative, panosteitis, osteomyelitis
- - chronic inflammatory or infectious diseases - e.g. systemic lupus erythematosus, chronic ulcerative colitis
- Trauma - including dislocation, fracture, cruciate ligament injury
- Septic arthritis, discospondylitis
- Immune-mediated arthritis
- Genetic diseases
- - achondroplasia
- - hypertrophic osteodystrophy
- - polyarthritis
- - juvenile cranial hyperostosis
- - elbow dysplasia
- - hip dysplasia
- - Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
The primary clinical manifestation is joint pain, restricted joint movement, localized swelling and joint deformity.
Treatments primary focuses on palliative anti-inflammatory relief of pain and minimization of the ongoing disease. A wide range of drugs have been used to combat chronic arthritis include:
- NSAIDs such as carprofen, meloxicam
- Corticosteroids - prednisolone
- Pentosan polysulfate
- Opiate-based drugs - e.g. fentanyl, buprenorphine.
- Canine Joint Pain
- Clarke SP & Ferguson JF (2012) Bacterial infective arthritis following a penetrating stick injury of the stifle joint in a dog. J Small Anim Pract 53(8):483-486
- Malek S et al (2012) Effect of analgesic therapy on clinical outcome measures in a randomized controlled trial using client-owned dogs with hip osteoarthritis. BMC Vet Res 8(1):185