Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael)
The Belgian Shepherd breed was originally developed in Belgium for herding and guarding farms. In the late 1800s studies were done in Brussels, which resulted in the division of the breed into four varieties. The four varieties have quite large differences in appearance.
The jet-black, long-coated Groenendael (called the Belgian Sheepdog in the US), the long-coated fawn dogs with black overlay known as Tervuren, the rough-coated fawn dogs with traces of black known as Lakenois, and the smooth-coated charcoaled fawn with dark mask known as Malinois. In the beginning, the Malinois was simply referred to as the shorthaired type.
Initially, breedings produced dogs of the different coat types in the same litters, so the types share common ancestors. As breeders selected coat types, they founded the base stock for the modern Belgian sheepherding dogs.
Three types took names from the area in which they developed. Thus the Parc du Laeken section of Brussels gave rise to the Laekenois; and the Malines region was home to the Malinois; and the town of Tervueren perfected the Tervuren. The Groenendael got its name from Chateau Groenendael, a restaurant owned by breeder Nicolas Rose.
- Hip dysplasia
- Congenital hypotrichosis
- Gastric carcinoma
- Gracilis and semitendinosus myopathy
- Plasmacytic conjunctivitis
- Chronic superficial keratitis (pannus)
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Retinal dysplasia
- Read RA (1995) Treatment of canine nictitans plasmacytic conjunctivitis with 0.2 per cent cyclosporin ointment. J Small Anim Pract 36(2):50-56