The Border Collie breed originated in the Border Counties of Scotland around 350 years ago. They were developed by local farmers to work their livestock.
Renowned for their low and quiet approach to the herd and their gentle attitude, the dogs are relentless workers who thrive on the mental and physical challenge herding presents. When Australia began its sheep farming industry Border Collies were imported to work the herds. The breed, one of the earliest ever brought to Australia, has been known here since the mid 1800s.
Coat colour and length: They come in black and white, blue and white, brown and white, red and white, blue merle and white. and tri-colour. The most common is the black and white. The coat is the most prominent feature consisting of a double coat, with a moderately long, dense, medium textured topcoat. The undercoat is short, soft and dense for good weather-resistance. The length and composition of the coat makes the present day pedigree Border Collie unsuitable for work.
Height: dogs 48-53cm (19-21in); bitches 46-51cm (18-20in).
A Border Collie can be expected to live for about 10-15 years.
- Hip dysplasia
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Ceroid lipofuscinosis
- Cyclic neutropenia
- Cerebellar abiotrophy
- Lens luxation
- Collie eye anomaly
- Uveodermatologic syndrome
- Trapped neutrophil syndrome
- Eisenmenger's syndrome