The Canaan breed originated in the Middle East more than 4,000 years ago.
Used to guard flocks and herds, the breed became wild and nomadic after the Romans scattered the Israelites. In the 1930s, modern dog breeders discovered Canaan Dogs living and working with the Bedouins. These dogs turned out to be remarkably unchanged, adaptable, intelligent and trainable.
Canaan Dogs have sturdy, medium-sized, square-built frames covered in straight, flat, harsh coats that usually come in solids or combinations of black, brown, sandy or liver colors. They have wedge-shaped heads with tapered muzzles, dark almond-shaped eyes and triangular ears that point straight up. Their arched necks lead down to deep chests, straight legs with round, cat-like feet and bushy tails that curl over the back. Overall, the Canaan Dog has a handsome and vigilant look.
Canaan Dogs can live as long as 15 years with relatively few genetic health problems.
- Hip dysplasia
- Progressive retinal atrophy