Colony stimulating factor
Colony stimulating factor is an endogenous inflammatory cytokine which is released during inflammation and binds to receptor proteins on the surfaces of hemopoietic stem cells, thereby activating leucocyte production.
In dogs, this cytokine is normally produced in response to inflammatory states or neoplasia, resulting in an increased circulatory level of specific leukocytes.
Recombinant colony stimulating factor is primarily used in canine medicine for treatment of various forms of neutropenia such as cyclic neutropenia in Collie dogs and following whole body irradiation or myeloablative chemotherapy and prior to autologous bone marrow transplantation in dogs with lymphoma.
Use of this drug is contraindicated in inflammatory diseases of dogs where endogenous levels are already elevated, such as osteoarthritis, immune-mediated diseases, nephritis, mitral valve endocardiosis, keratitis or ketoacidosis associated with diabetes mellitus.
Recommended dose rate for treatment of cyclic neutropenia is 2.5 - 5.0 mg/kg (3 x 107 IU/kg) given intramuscularly every 2 weeks for 6 weeks.
For severe neutropenia or in post-chemotherapy lymphoma, recommended dose rate is 5 μg/kg every 8 - 12 hours for 7 days.
few side-effects have been reported with this drug.
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