These proteobacteria are intimately involved in their lifecycle and has recently been targeted as a possible treatment method to target eradication of this parasite.
Species which are involved with Spirocerca is thought to be Comamonas testosteroni, a normal digestive bacteria found within many bacteria-feeding nematodes.
- Gottlieb Y et al (2012) A novel bacterial symbiont in the nematode Spirocerca lupi. BMC Microbiol 12(1):133
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