Coughing

From Dog

Coughing, defined as the forceful expulsion of air from the lungs has many causes in dogs.

Coughing may be acute or chronic, and causes include:

- Pericardial effusion
- Mitral valve endocardiosis
- Congestive heart failure
- Heartworm disease
- Lymphoma
- Bronchial carcinoma
- Pulmonary carcinoma
- Thyroid carcinoma
- Cranial mediastinal carcinoma
- Thymoma

Ultrasonography, radiographs and CT/MRI imaging are indicated to determine whether the cause of coughing is primary pulmonary or secondary pulmonary disease.