Pathogenic species in dogs include:
- Cryptocotyle lingua
The life cycle of this parasite includes snails as first intermediate hosts and fish (usually flounder) as second intermediate host, where as an ectoparasite, they cause black spot disease. Dogs become infected from eating fish that contain encysted metacercariae.
Diagnosis is based on coprological identification of Cryptocotyle eggs.
Treatment of this parasite in dogs is relatively effective with praziquantel.
- Cross MA et al (2005) Effects of host habitat quality on the viability of Cryptocotyle lingua (Trematoda: Digenea) cercariae. Parasitology 130(2):195-201
- Khan RA (2006) Assessment of stress-related bioindicators in winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus) exposed to discharges from a pulp and paper mill in Newfoundland: a 5-year field study. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 51(1):103-110
- Landis SH et al (2012) PLoS One 7(1):e30658
- Saeed I et al (2006) Helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Denmark. Vet Parasitol 139(1-3):168-179