The Dalmatian breed originate from ancient Egypt, but became popularized in the 19th century as coach dogs.
Dalmatians are lean, medium-sized, well-proportioned dogs with distinctive black spots on white. Their muzzles are strong, eyes deeply set and their soft ears are set somewhat high. They have strong, arched necks, deep chests and level backs. Their tails extend out from their backs and curl up slightly without carrying over their backs, and they have long, well-muscled legs with round feet. Their coats are short, dense and sleek. Puppies are born solid white and develop black spots as they get older. Overall, Dalmatians have a dignified, powerful and alert posture with a steady gait.
A healthy Dalmatian can live as long as 12 years.
- Chronic hepatitis
- Food allergy
- Waardenburg-Klein syndrome
- Juvenile cranial hyperostosis
- Cutaneous hemangioma
- Congenital deafness
- Globoid cell leukodystrophy
- Ceroid lipofuscinosis
- Chronic superficial keratitis
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Urate urolithiasis
- Laryngeal paralysis
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome