Dental disease

From Dog

Odontodystrophy characterized by staining due to tetracycline therapy in a dog[1]
Ameloblastoma in a Shih Tzu, successfully removed surgically[4]

Dental diseases

- Squamous cell carcinoma - flattened, ulcerated, usually inside the mouth[6]
- Ameloblastoma - large, polypoid, invasive, usually outgrowing from the mouth[7]
- Melanoma - localized, raise, blackened, usually concealed[8]
- Fibrosarcoma - raised, reddened, usually inside the mouth[9]
- Plasmacytoma - localized circular raised lesions - usually inside the mouth[10]
- Osteosarcoma
- Erythema multiforme and epitheliotropic T-cell lymphoma[11] - usually on the epitheliocutaneous junctions, particularly the commissures of the lips
- Odontogenic
- Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma - inner mouth, aligned with molars[12]
- Odontogenic myxoma[13]
- Lingual
- osteoma - usually involves maxillary or mandibular bone with hard swellings of the tongue, jaw or face[14]
- liposarcoma[15] - usually firm oval mass
- arteriovenous hemangioma[16]
- Salivary gland
- Angiolipoma[17]


  1. Oral ATP
  3. Albuquerque C et al (2012) Canine periodontitis: the dog as an important model for periodontal studies. Vet J 191(3):299-305
  4. Toa Payoh Vets
  5. Mannerfelt T & Lindgren I (2009) Enamel defects in standard poodle dogs in Sweden. J Vet Dent 26(4):213-215
  6. Baines SJ et al (2013) Oral non-tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma in young dogs. Vet Rec 172(2):52-53
  7. Boehm B et al (2011) Odontogenic tumours in the dog and cat. Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 39(5):305-312
  8. Brockley LK et al (2013) Malignant melanoma in 63 dogs (2001-2011): the effect of carboplatin chemotherapy on survival. N Z Vet J 61(1):25-31
  9. Frazier SA et al (2012) Outcome in dogs with surgically resected oral fibrosarcoma (1997-2008). Vet Comp Oncol 10(1):33-43
  10. Smithson CW et al (2012) Multicentric oral plasmacytoma in 3 dogs. J Vet Dent 29(2):96-110
  11. Nemec A et al (2012) Erythema multiforme and epitheliotropic T-cell lymphoma in the oral cavity of dogs: 1989 to 2009. J Small Anim Pract 53(8):445-452
  12. Snyder LA & Michael H (2011) Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in a juvenile labrador retriever: case report and literature review. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 47(6):443-446
  13. Barigye R et al (2011) Odontogenic myxoma in an 8-year-old Labrador Retriever dog. J Vet Diagn Invest 23(1):167-171
  14. Fernandez M et al (2012) Lingual osteoma in a dog. J Small Anim Pract 53(8):480-482
  15. Piseddu E et al (2011) Cytologic, histologic, and immunohistochemical features of lingual liposarcoma in a dog. Vet Clin Pathol 40(3):393-397
  16. Schöniger S et al (2008) Arteriovenous haemangioma in two dogs and a cat. J Comp Pathol 139(2-3):130-136
  17. Kitshoff AM et al (2010) Infiltrative angiolipoma of the parotid salivary gland in a dog. J S Afr Vet Assoc 81(4):258-261