Diseases of the ureter

From Dog

The ureter is a smooth muscle-lined tube which connects the renal pelvis with the urinary bladder.

Disease of the ureter include:

- Ureteroliths
- Circumcaval ureter associated with portosystemic shunt[1]
- Ureteral atresia
- Ureteral duplication[2]
- Ureteral ectopia[3]
- Ureteral stenosis[4] - usually congenital bilateral
- Ureteral transitional cell carcinoma

These diseases commonly result in hydronephrosis, chronic renal disease and cystitis.

References

  1. Doust RT et al (2006) Circumcaval ureter associated with an intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in a dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 228(3):389-391
  2. Esterline ML et al (2005) Ureteral duplication in a dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 46(6):485-489
  3. North C et al (2010) Congenital ureteral ectopia in continent and incontinent-related Entlebucher mountain dogs: 13 cases (2006-2009). J Vet Intern Med 24(5):1055-1062
  4. Pullium JK et al (2000) Congenital bilateral ureteral stenosis and hydronephrosis in a neonatal puppy. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci 39(5):34-36