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The English Bulldog has been bred in England for hundreds of years.

Originally used in the 17th century for bull baiting—a wagering sport in which dogs fought bulls in a ring—they had smaller heads and more athletic frames (much like the Olde English Bulldogge). When bull baiting was outlawed in 1835, Bulldogs were bred to be kinder, heavier and more relaxed, eventually becoming a hit on the dog show circuit and, of course, as pets.

Bulldog breed are short, sturdy and stocky. Due to their wrinkled face and stockiness, they can have a tough, intimidating look. A typical Bulldog has a fairly wide head with cheeks that draw back behind the eyes. Dense folds of skin on the forehead lead down to a short muzzle, a broad black nose, a hanging upper lip and an undershot lower jaw. They have wide-set eyes and small ears that fold back. They have short, sturdy limbs—giving them a kind of waddle when they walk—and a short, low tail. Their smooth coats come in a wide range of colors or color combinations.

A healthy bulldog can live as long as 10 years, but they have a long list of hereditary health issues.

Disease predisposition