Gastroenteritis

From Dog
Classic bloody watery diarrhoea due to canine parvovirus gastroenteritis[1]

Gastroenteritis is an inflammatory disease characterized by vomiting, diarrhea.

Causes include:

  • Ingestion of spoiled food
  • Inflammatory diseases
- Eosinophilic granulomatous gastroenterocolitis
- Tremorgenic mycotoxicosis - Penicillium spp
- canine parvovirus
- Rotavirus
- Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis - Clostridium spp
- Enterococcus spp

Clinically affected dogs usually present with depression, dehydration, vomiting and diarrhea.

Treatment involves addressing underlying cause and supportive antiemetics such as metoclopramide, broad-spectrum antimicrobials and intravenous fluid therapy.

References

  1. Animal Pet Doctor
  2. Capak D et al (2001) Incidence of foreign-body-induced ileus in dogs. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 114(7-8):290-296
  3. Johnson CS et al (2007) Fibrosing gastrointestinal leiomyositis as a cause of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in an 8-month-old dog. Vet Pathol 44(1):106-109
  4. Jeong DH et al (2006) Multiple intestinal lymphomatous polyposis in a Jindo dog. J Vet Sci 7(4):401-403