Haemaphysalis spp

From Dog
Adult Haemaphysalis spp tick[1]

Haemaphysalis spp are a group of parasitic Ixodidae ticks found on cats worldwide[2].

A variety of species of haemophysalis have been recorded to infect cats including:

  • Haemaphysalis longicornis[3]
  • Haemaphysalis leporipalustris (normally found on rabbits)
  • Haemaphysalis chordeilis (birds)
  • Haemaphysalis concinna
  • Haemaphysalis punctata
  • haemaphysalis inermis[4].
  • Haemaphysalis bispinosa
  • Haemaphysalis cornigera
  • Haemaphysalis koenigsbergi
  • Haemaphysalis semermis[5]
  • Haemaphysalis leachi leachi[6]

Normally these species do not cause diseases in dogs, apart from worry and anemia if present in large numbers[7].

Cases of transmission of hemoplasmas such as Babesia spp, Ehrlichia spp, Anaplasma spp and Mycoplasma haemominutum have been reported.


References

  1. Lincoln.uk
  2. Bowman, DD et al (2003) Feline clinical parasitology. Iowa University Press, Iowa, pp:367
  3. Zhang L et al (2012) Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in domestic animals in ten provinces/cities of China. Am J Trop Med Hyg 87(1):185-189
  4. Hornok S et al (2010) Molecular investigation of hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) as potential vectors of rickettsial and mycoplasmal agents. Vet Microbiol 140(1-2):98-104
  5. Wells K et al (2012) Ectoparasite infestation patterns of domestic dogs in suburban and rural areas in Borneo. Parasitol Res 111(2):909-919
  6. Adejinmi JO (2011) Effect of Water Flooding on the Oviposition Capacity of Engorged Adult Females and Hatchability of Eggs of Dog Ticks: Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Haemaphysalis leachi leachi. J Parasitol Res 2011:824162
  7. Apanaskevich DA & Horak IG (2008) Two new species of African Haemaphysalis ticks (Acari: Ixodidae), carnivore parasites of the H. (Rhipistoma) leachi group. J Parasitol 94(3):594-607