Pathogenic species in dogs include:
- Heterophyes heterophyes
- Heterophyes dispar
The life cycle of this parasite includes snails as first intermediate hosts and fish (usually mullets; Mugil cephalus) as second intermediate host. Dogs become infected from eating fish that contain encysted metacercariae.
Diagnosis is based on coprological identification of Heterophyes eggs, although immunological assays are available for experimental use.
- El-Gayar AK (2007) Studies on some trematode parasites of stray dogs in Egypt with a key to the identification of intestinal trematodes of dogs. Vet Parasitol 144(3-4):360-365
- Elshazly AM et al (2007) Host-induced phenotypic differences in Egyptian Heterophyes heterophyes (Digenea: Heterophyidae). J Egypt Soc Parasitol 37(3):815-824
- Elshazly AM et al (2008) Comparison of three immunodiagnostic tests for experimental Heterophyes heterophyes infection in dogs. Vet Parasitol 151(2-4):196-202
- Mahmoud LH et al (2002) Treatment of experimental heterophyiasis with two plant extracts, areca nut and pumpkin seed. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 32(2):501-506