Hypochloremia in dogs is defined as a serum chloride level <102 mmol/L.
The opposite condition is hyperchloremia.
In canine patients, this is commonly observed secondary to protracted vomiting and diarrhea, polyuria associated with diabetes mellitus, hypoadrenocorticism, vitamin D toxicosis and salt-deficient home-made diets.
Depending on severity, clinical symptoms may include muscle weakness, dehydration and lethargy.
Correction of hypochloremia is readily achieved with intravenous saline solutions.
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